Structures of a type

History of typography
28 de Junho, 2019
Typography: Full Guide
29 de Junho, 2019

Any designer or cartoonist who respects himself must know a little more about typography. After all, they need to know what type of Font to use and for what purpose. Well, in this post I will write about the structural variations of a type, but before that I will explain briefly about the classification of fonts and their elements.

The sources can be classified in 4 groups : Serif (with serif), non-serif (without serif), cursive (handwritten) or dingbats (fantastic).

To understand serif fonts, you must first understand the typographical elements. Each typeface consists of distinct elements, such as: :

  • Base line (base line)
  • Central axis (middle or middle line))
  • Ascendant (ascendant)
  • Descendant (descendant)
  • Capital Letter
  • Lowercase letter
  • Height of x (height x)
  • Head or top (apex)
  • Serif (serif)
  • Stomach or intestine (Bowl))
  • Stem or stem
  • Quantity or beam (diagonal stroke))
  • Base or foot
  • Bar (bar)
  • Bojo (counter)
  • Etc

Serif fonts are those whose stem ends have an extension, different from those without wheelbases. Cursive sources, on the other hand, are those that imitate human writing. And fantasies are those that have no specific rule, designed in such a way that they represent something.

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